GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND URBAN AFFAIRS
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 4767
ANSWERED ON: 31.03.2022
Disposal of Solid Waste
Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:-
(a) the details of cities practicing scientific disposal of the municipal solid waste, State/ UT-wise;
(b) the details of quantity of treated and untreated waste in the country, State/UT-wise;
(c) the details of infrastructure being developed to enable scientific treatment and management of solid waste, State/UT-wise;
(d) the details of funds sanctioned and disbursed to municipal corporations for support in Solid Waste Management (SWM), State/UT-wise;
(e) the details of the steps taken by the Government to aid in SWM by cities; and
(f) the details of the steps taken by the Government to ensure abolition of manual scavenging and inclusion of manual scavengers in programmes for scientific treatment of solid waste?
THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND URBAN AFFAIRS
(SHRI KAUSHAL KISHORE)
(a) to (c) : All 4,372 cities in 28 States and 8 Union Territories (UTs) are practising scientific disposal and processing of the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated. State/ UT-wise details are at Annex.-I. Infrastructure developed for scientific treatment and management of MSW in the country includes, Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs), Waste-to-Compost (WtC) Plants, Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste processing plants, Bio-Methanisation, Waste-to-Electricity (WtE) plants, etc.
(d) : Central Share (CS) funds are released directly to the State Governments/ Union Territory Administration as a whole. State-wise details of CS funds released for SWM component since 02.10.2014 till now under SBM-U is at Annex.-II. CS funds released for SWM under SBM-U 2.0 launched on 01st October, 2022 is at Annex-III.
(e): Steps being taken by Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) to help the cities in Solid Waste Management (SWM) include financial assistance, technical protocols and standards, capacity building of Urban Local Bodies, conducting Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaigns for behaviour change, annual sanitation survey of cities (Swachh Survekshan), Information Technology (IT) platforms like Swachhatam portal and Swachhata App, protocols like Star Rating protocol of Garbage Free Cities (GFC), protocols for ODF+ and ODF++ and Water+ protocol, etc.
(f): The following major steps have been taken to ensure abolition of manual scavenging:-
(i). Parliament enacted the “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013”, which has come into force with effect from 06.12.2013 in all States and Union Territories. Manual scavenging has been banned under Section 5 of the above Act.
(ii). For effective enforcement of Prohibition of Manual Scavenging, more than 10.94 crore sanitary toilets have been constructed in rural areas and 62.65 lakh in urban areas and almost all insanitary toilets have been either demolished or converted into sanitary toilets under the Swachh Bharat Mission, since 2nd October, 2014. This work made a huge contribution towards ending the practice of manual scavenging.
(iii). Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched a mobile app “Swachhata Abhiyaan” on 24.12.2020 to capture the data of insanitary latrines still existing and manual scavengers associated with them. Any person can upload the data of insanitary latrines and manual scavengers on the mobile app. Thereafter, the data is verified by the concerned district administration.
(iv). One Time Cash Assistance of Rs. 40,000/- per family has been provided to all identified and eligible 58098 manual scavengers.
(v). Capital Subsidy up to Rs. 5,00,000/- provided to 1,769 identified manual scavengers and their dependents to take up alternate self-employment projects.
Besides these, education loans, health camps, concessional loans under Swachhata Udyami Yojna of National Safai Karamcharis Finance and Development Corporation (NSKFDC), etc., is given for self-employment and rehabilitation of manual scavengers and their dependents.