Recycling of e-waste
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 678
TO BE ANSWERED ON 26.07.2021
Recycling of e-waste
678. SHRI SUBHASH CHANDRA SINGH:
DR. AMAR PATNAIK:
(a) the quantum of e-waste generated along with the rate of increase in generation of
waste in the last three years;
(b) the details of schemes being implemented for the recycling of e-waste; and
(c) the measures taken by Government to prevent the generation of e-waste?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(SHRI ASHWINI KUMAR CHOUBEY)
(a) The estimated generation of e-waste based on sales data of 21 types of notified Electrical
and Electronic Equipment (EEE) for the Financial Year (FY) 2017-18, FY 2018-19 and FY2019-20 is given in the table below:
S.No. Financial year Estimated Generation
- 2017-2018 7,08,445 NA
- 2018-2019 7,71,215 8.86%
- 2019-2020 10,14,961.2 31.60%
(b) The E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 ensures recycling of E-Waste in an
environmentally sound manner through authorized dismantlers/recyclers. Under the Extended
Producer Responsibility (EPR), the producers of EEE listed in the Schedule-I of the said rules
have been given responsibility of management of their products once they have attained end
of life. Under EPR, producers have to collect targeted quantity of e-waste for
environmentally sound dismantling and recycling only through an authorised dismantlers and
Under the E-Waste Rules, stakeholders such as Producers, Dismantlers, Recyclers,
Refurbishers and Manufacturers are required to obtain Authorization. As per the available
information at Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), there are 400 authorised
dismantlers/recyclers in the country having an annual processing capacity of 10,68,542.72
The authorized dismantler and recyclers are required to carry out dismantling & recycling of
E-Waste in an environmentally sound manner as per the guidelines published by CPCB. For
the FY 2018-19, based on information from 32 SPCBs/PCCs, 1,64,663 tonnes of E-Waste
was processed. For the FY 2019-20, based on submission of 35 SPCBs/PCCs, 2,24,041.00
tonnes of E-Waste was processed.
(c) The management of e-waste is regulated under the frame work of E-Waste
(Management) Rules, 2016 as amended time to time. The said rules are effective from
01.10.2016 and have the following specific objectives:
(i) Extended Responsibility to producers to manage a system of E-waste collection,
storage, transportation and environmentally sound dismantling and recycling through
EPR Authorization (EPRA).
(ii) To promote and encourage establishment of an efficient e-waste collection
(iii) To promote Environmentally Safe & Sound Recycling through authorized dismantlers
and recyclers of e-waste.
(iv) To minimize illegal recycling / recovery operations.
(v) Reduce Hazardous substances in Electrical and Electronic components.
As per the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016, CPCB is issuing EPR authorization to the
producers of EEE along with e-waste collection targets on annual basis. Asper the
information provided by CPCB, a total no of 1766 Producers have been registered for EPR
Authorization and also 57 Producers Responsibility Organizations (PROs) have obtained
Presently 400 dismantlers/recyclers of E-Waste are operating in 20 States namely Andhra
Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Haryana, Himacahal Pradesh, Jammu &
Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan,
Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal. These authorised
dismantlers/recyclers have annual processing capacity is 10,68,542.72 tonnes.
For enforcement of the said rules in the country, an action plan is in place and the same is
being implemented by all SPCBs/PCCs in their respective states/UTs. SPCBs/PCCs are
submitting quarterly progress report as envisaged in the Action Plan through a web portal developed for this purpose.