GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE
RAJYA SABHA QUESTION NO. 1118 ANSWERED ON 10.03.2017
Excessive use of pesticides in farming
Shri Rajkumar Dhoot
Will the Minister of AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE be pleased to state :-
(a) whether Government is aware of the use of pesticides on a large scale in farming these days resulting in rapid rise of serious diseases like cancer, ulcers and asthma etc.; and
(b) if so, the steps to be taken by Government to make the farmers aware of the ill-effects of excessive use of pesticides?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE
(SHRI PARSHOTTAM RUPALA)
(a) & (b): The Central Government monitors pesticide residues in various agricultural commodities etc. under the central scheme “Monitoring of Pesticides Residues at National Level” (MPRNL). The annual report of MPRNL for 2015-16 shows that 2.36 % of all samples of commodities contained pesticide residues above the Maximum Residues Limits (MRLs) fixed by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). The Annual Reports are being shared with the States and FSSAI for taking necessary actions against possible over use of pesticides. In addition, the Government is implementing “Strengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach in India” through 35 Central Integrated Pest Management Centres (CIPMCs) of Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine and Storage established across the country with an aim to promote Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach . CIPMCs inter alia, produce biological agents for release in the fields, conserve natural bio-control agents, promote bio-pesticides as an alternative to chemical pesticides and advocate judicious and safe use of chemical pesticides as a last resort. These activities are implemented through Farmers Field Schools (FFSs), 2 days and 5 days training programmes and season long training program for State Agriculture Extension officers and NGOs / Private Bodies. A ‘Grow Safe Food’ campaign has been initiated disseminating message of safe and judicious use of pesticides to farmers and other stakeholders. Package of practices for control of pests and diseases in 87 crops have been revised to include techniques to reduce dependence on chemical pesticides and encourage use of bio-pesticides and other alternative plant protection measures.