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Pharmaceutical pollution in India An emerging concern

TitlePharmaceutical pollution in India An emerging concern
Publication Type Research Reports
Year of Publication2020
KeywordsindiaContaminationDelhiNGOSAICMexposureEnvironmentYamunaPolicyToxicitySikkimToxics LinkEcosystemCPCBWHOSampleshuman healthHyderabadBaddiCOVID-19Sirsa riverbiodegradabledrinking waterAnti-microbial resistanceeffluentslegislationPharmaceutical pollutionNalagarhsynthetic chemicalswaste streamPharmaceutical industrygeneric drugsproduction hubcocktail effectregulatory mechanismSafe Drinking Water Actpharma sectorMoEF&CCAndhra Pradesh Pollution Control BoardGangaAhmedabadTeesta rivertreatment facilities

Over the last few decades, India has emerged as an important pharmaceutical production hub of the world.As per the Directory of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Units in India - National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA),2007, the country has 10563 pharmaceutical manufacturers withnthe maximum of them concentrated in 5 states namely, Maharashtra (29.7%),Gujarat (14.4%), West Bengal (7.2%), Andhra Pradesh (6.9%) and Tamil Nadu (5.4%).However, recently Baddi of Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim have emerged as the new pharmaceutical production hubs of the country.With India emerging as a major producer of generic drug manufacturer and with the ever-increasing use of drugs in the country, there is a need to develop appropriate regulatory mechanisms,with adequate monitoring system in place, so that the impact of  the pharmaceutical pollution can be reduced.

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