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Microplastics in Cosmetic

TitleMicroplastics in Cosmetic
Publication Type Research Reports
Year of Publication2018
KeywordsindiaDelhiNGOexposureEnvironmentcontaminantsToxics Linkingestionmicroplasticsplastic wastepolypropylenedrinking watersynthetic textilescosmeticsmicrobeadsoceansacrylicpolyamidepolyesterpolyethylenePersonal care productsWaste wateranthropogenic impactsplanktonsPlastic debrisf marine littersterrestrial speciesmarine biodiversityTourismbeach cleanup
Abstract

In the study, 6 face wash, 3 body washes, 3 face scrubs from different brands, 1 face mask and 5 varieties of leave-on lotions were analysed for detecting the presence of microplastics (water insoluble) of more than 0.45 micron size. Large numbers of particles, especially granular material were observed with naked eye. Stereomicroscopic examination as well as filtration indicated presence of micro particles in 9 out of the 18 samples tested. The findings indicated presence of microplastics in most of the rinse off cosmetics. Interestingly, none of the leave-on products were detected with microplastics or even microparticles. Presence of insoluble micro particles in majority of the rinse off products does raise an alarm. These are designed to be disposed of with no possibility of recovery or recycling. Out of the 12 rinse off products included in the study, 5 of them were found to have microplastic. Since these are direct body to drain products, the beads from these products get directly into the water system and through the water channel reach the larger water bodies.

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