GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, COOPERATION AND FARMERS WELFARE
LOK SABHA AUNSTARRED QUESTION NO.597
TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 6THFEBRUARY, 2018
BAN ON PESTICIDES
SHRI ALOK SANJAR:
Will the Minister of AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE
(a) whether the Government is aware of the fact that pesticides which are globally banned are still being used in the country, if so, the details thereof;
(b) whether the Government has constituted an expert committee under the Chairmanship of Anupam Verma in 2013 with a view to prohibit 66 pesticides in the country which are already prohibited in foreign countries, if so, the recommendations of the Committee thereof;
(c) whether these recommendations have been accepted by the Government, if so, the number of pesticides which are prohibited in the country;
(d) the number of pesticides which are manufactured in the country out of the total pesticides being used in farming in the country, presently;
(e) whether the Government has conducted any study to assess the adverse impacts of banned pesticides on human health, environment and livestock, if so, the outcome thereof; and
(f) the steps taken by the Government to make aware the farmers about the technique of scientific application of pesticides?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE
(SHRI GAJENDRA SINGH SHEKHAWAT)
(a): There are 66 pesticides that are banned, restricted, withdrawn in one or more countries but continued to be registered in India. The list of such pesticides is at Annexure I.
(b) & (c): The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) has constituted an expert committee under the Chairmanship of Anupam Verma in July 2013, to review them. The Expert Committee, inter alia, recommended 13 pesticides to be completely banned, 27 pesticides to be reviewed in 2018 after completion of certain technical studies and 6 pesticides to be phased out by 2020. The Complete list is at Annexure II. Considering the recommendation of Expert Committee as accorded by the Registration Committee, the Ministry
of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, vide its Notification S.O. 4212(E) dated 15th December, 2016, had invited objections and suggestions from the public/stakeholders on banning/phasing out of certain pesticides. The details are at Annexure III. In response to the Notification S.O. 4212(E) dated 15th December, 2016, the Ministry has received various objections and suggestions. Keeping in view of which, a committee has been constituted to review the received objections and suggestions.
(d) & (e): The Registration Committee, constituted under Section 5 of the Insecticides Act, 1968 registers pesticides after considering its efficacy and safety to human beings, animals and environment. In additions, technical reviews are carried out from time to time to assess the safety of pesticides for their continued use. At present, 279 Nos. of Pesticides molecules are registered in the Country.
(f): The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare is implementing ‘Strengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach’ (SMPMA) Scheme, wherein, inter alia, Farmers Field Schools (FFSs) are organized to sensitize farmers on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach and to use chemical pesticides as a last resort as per approved labels and leaflets.