GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
RAJYA SABHA QUESTION NO. 354 ANSWERED ON 06.02.2017
Industrial garbage in major rivers
Shri Sanjay Seth
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to satate :-
(a) the details regarding abundant industrial garbage in major rivers of the country;
(b) the names of the States which are affected with problem of garbage in the rivers;
(c) whether Government is giving any guidelines to the States to deal with the problem of such garbage affected rivers; and
(d) if so, the details thereof?
MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)
(a)& (b) As per the existing environmental regulations, disposal of industrial garbage is permitted only at authorized sites. Rivers in the country are mainly polluted due to discharge of untreated and partially treated sewage from cities/towns and industrial effluent. Non-point sources of pollution like agricultural runoff, open defecation, runoff from solid waste dump sites etc., also contribute to this pollution. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has identified 920 grossly polluting Industries discharging effluent into rivers across the country. These industries are required to meet the prescribed effluent quality norms before discharging their treated effluent into water bodies. CPCB has also identified 302 polluted river stretches in the country. State-wise details of Polluted River Stretches is given in Annexure.
(c) & (d)CPCB issued directions under Section 18 1(b) of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 in April, 2015 to all the State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution Control Committees in the country, for setting up of sewage treatment plants in their respective States. CPCB also issued directions in October, 2015 to 69 municipal authorities of metropolitan cities and State capitals, under Section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to ensure proper treatment and disposal of sewage generated for abatement of pollution of rivers.
The Government has also comprehensively revised and notified the various Waste Management Rules such as (i) The Hazardous and other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016, (ii) The Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, (iii) The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, (iv) The E-waste
(Management) Rules, 2016, (v) The Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016 and (vi) The Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016. State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution Control Committees are the designated authorities for monitoring and compliance under these rules.