GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
RAJYA SABHA QUESTION NO. 347 ANSWERED ON 06.02.2017
Dumping of sewage and dead bodies in rivers
Shri B.K. Hariprasad
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state :-
(a) whether it is a fact that one billion litres of raw, untreated sewage and hundreds of dead bodies are dumped in rivers on a daily basis, and the level of Coliform bacteria is over 2800 times the level considered safe by the WHO; and
(b) if so, the details of its present condition and by when Government would improve the same?
(a)Discharge of untreated domestic sewage and disposal of dead bodies in rivers contribute to coliform contamination in the river. As per the report of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) published in March 2015, sewage generation from urban areas is estimated at around 62,000 mld, whereas the total treatment capacity available is only 23,277 mld (37% of the sewage generation). CPCB, in association with State Pollution Control Boards/ Pollution Control Committees is assessing the river water quality at 1275 locations in the country. Total & Faecal coliforms, which indicate presence of pathogens in water, are conforming to the desired levels in 47% observations and 62% observations respectively in river water samples.
(b)Pollution abatement of rivers is a continuous and ongoing process. It is the responsibility of the State Governments/ concerned local bodies to set up facilities for collection, transportation and treatment of sewage as well as proper disposal of dead bodies for abatement of pollution of rivers. This Ministry has been supplementing the efforts of the State Governments in abatement of pollution in identified stretches of various rivers under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP). NRCP (excluding Ganga and its tributaries which is handled by Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation) has covered polluted stretches of 31 rivers in 75 towns spread over 14 States at a sanctioned cost of Rs. 4517.82 crore. So far, sewage treatment capacity of 2373 million litres per day (mld) has been created under the NRCP programme (excluding Ganga & its tributaries).State Governments, apart from their own budgetary allocation, are also accessing financial assistance for creation of sewerage infrastructure, including sewage treatment plants, in various cities/towns under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) programme of Ministry of Urban Development and the Namami Gange programme (under NGRBA) of MoWR,RD&GR.